Impact of Urbanization on Land Use Changes in Agartala City, India

By:- Abhijit Santra1*
, Saptarshi Mitra2
, Debasish Debbarma1
1Research Scholar, Department of Geography and Disaster Management, Tripura University, 799022
2Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Disaster Management, Tripura University, 799022
*Corresponding Author Email:

Urbanization indicates the growth and development of the human civilization in terms of economy, culture and
bettern infrastructure. It creates opportunities as well as challenges for better livelihood or and better lifestyle to
the urban dwellers. Agartala, Capital city of the state of Tripura is located on the bank of River Haora one of the
most developing urban centres of North-Eastern states, India. The urbanization process of Agartala City has been
controlled and shaped by physiographic condition as well as socio-economic factors. Close proximity to the
Indo-Bangla International Border on the western side checked the direction of growth of the city. Agartala has
experienced rapid population growth due to migration in the 1949’s (partition of Bengal) and 1970’s Bangladesh
War (Bangladesh Liberation war) which led to imbalance in man-land ratio in Agartala city. Since last few
decades, the urban area of Agartala Municipal Corporation has repeatedly increased from 16 sq. km to 76 sq. km
expanding towards north south direction. With passage of time the marshy land, forest cover have been
converted into residential and commercial build-ups under the influence of rapid urbanization. The present study
focuses on the nature and pattern of urban expansion of Agartala city including the factors responsible for
indicing the land use change. Man land ratio, population growth, Spatio-temporal change in land use etc. have
been identified through the analysis of secondary data as well as Geographical Information System (GIS) and
Remote Sensing (RS) technique
KEYWORDS: Land use change, Man-Land Ratio, Population Growth, Urbanization.

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